The commercial economy is completely dependent upon the two layers of underlying economies that it is built on. First, there is the social economy inside of which we raise our children, have real relationships and take care of each other. For example, we don’t pay parents to make babies, teach language, potty-train, or devote a couple decades of care and support. Parents “manufacture” the entire labor force for the market economy. They provide talented employees in a much more real way than head-hunting firms, yet earn no commissions for their years of work.
Second, the free-of-charge social economy also relies on its underlying gift economy of nature to provide drinkable water, fresh air, hillsides of timber for building homes, fields of fertile soil for growing food, herds of animals, and ample sunshine without which we could not exist. Nature manufactures our entire food supply and ecosystem – every carbon-sugar our cells require for sustenance – without receiving a penny or so much as a single share of equity in a corporation.
In case you doubt that these are in fact economies, just recall for a moment what an economy is defined as: a system of production, distribution and consumption. There is no question that nature is producing, distributing and consuming energy, organic compounds, biomass, plants, animals, rain and sunshine. Nor that families, friends and society are producing, distributing and consuming language, stories, knowledge, skills and culture.
Now that we recognize these are economies, let’s also note just how successful they are. Despite the setbacks of ice ages, meteor strikes and natural disasters, earth’s “savings account” of biological resources has grown in mass, diversity and genetic abilities for billions of years. Also, in spite of predators, wars, plagues and unsanitary conditions, human societies have grown in population, skills, and knowledge for at least hundreds of thousands of years. The Dow Jones could only dream of such success.
There is a very specific wealth-building pattern at the heart of both of these economic systems that is key to their success. Think of it as the ground wire that allows the electricity to flow through the circuits of the living systems which comprise our planet and society. Value fundamentally belongs to the whole system, not to the parts. Wealth is built and held in the commons.
Rules of the Commons
- Any limited resource you take is yours only temporarily and must be returned in full when you’re done with it.
- Use what you take to grow the value producing capacity of the commons.
These may just sound like nice ideas, but I assure you, they are neither idealistic nor merely theoretical. Organisms and species ignore them at their own peril. Those that break these covenants deplete their environment and progressively erode their chances of survival, eventually causing their own extinction (or near extinction). However, every species and individual that follows those rules enriches their environment and increases their chances of survival.
Let’s take a look at these principles in action in an economy you’re actually very familiar with – your body. Remember, an economy is a system of production, distribution and consumption. Your body takes the nutrients and sugars in food, distributes them to cells, produces other cells, enzymes, hormones, minerals, amino acids, bones and tissue which in turn keep the whole process going. All resources consumed by your body are returned to the larger ecosystem. And while your body is running, all resources that your organs or cells use are theirs only temporarily and must be shared with the rest of the body.
Do you know what cells that stop sharing their resources with the rest of the body are called?
That’s right. When cells stop sharing their resources and devote those resources instead to their own growth, they are considered cancerous. And unless that pattern of cancerous growth is interrupted, they grow consuming more and more resources until they kill their host.
This is what it looks like to break the rules of the commons.
When you think about that kind of cancerous behavior, do you see any connections to how companies are organized to behave? What do you imagine are the consequences of allowing this pattern of behavior continue?
How long until cancerous corporations, people and countries who keep breaking the rules of healthy economies strip the planet of resources and poison our ecosystems to levels that can no longer sustain human life?
When do we activate our social immune system to reject unhealthy patterns and anybody operating in those ways?
The Deep Wisdom of Worth
These commonwealth economies contain deep wisdom. We have knowledge of the truth of them in every fiber of our being and literally in every cell of our body. Yet in today’s culture and economy we ignore this truth. We diminish it with marginalizing phrases like “Protestant Work Ethic” and deny the desire to provide as much value as we can.
But hard work feels good. It feels good to build something, to make something great happen, or to participate in the flow of energy of physical labor. Accomplishment is satisfying. Yet in the face of this emotional and physical response, we elevate an ideal of being wealthy and just being able to “make your money work for you” which actually means having everyone else do the real work for your financial gaim.
Maybe it is not religious acculturation but rather a biological urge – not a Protestant Work Ethic, but a Biological Worth Ethic. The bees, trees, ants and plants just keep working. They keep doing their part to keep the larger system going. I think they know that their biological "worth" depends on it. If they don’t keep the ecosystem going, there won’t be an ecosystem to feed them. Every creature, every cell, every living system is working to keep these agreements and build greater shared value, except us. We’ve built an entire economy on extracting value for our personal gain.
In our society, the wealthiest people are the ones who "just have money work for them." Typically it isn’t even their money; it’s ours – our savings, investments and retirement funds. They gamble with other people’s money instead of creating actual new value and then we bail them out with more of our tax money when they lose their bets. Sadly "too big to fail" really means "too greedy to follow the rules."
Ironically, we think we’re the most intelligent life-form on the planet.
I like these posts, and the great examples of positive economies, but I wish you would give a tangible example of what our economy is doing wrong and break that apart. Talk about why as part of the analysis. Perhaps you are preaching to the choir on this blog, but what about abstraction and speculation is bad? What about greed? Is it possible money is being redistributed, just not in the way you'd like? I'd like to see our economy analysed using the rules of the commons in a detailed manner, not just the biological economies, in order to wrap my head around the issues more.
Here's an excellent related article that gives some more depth in thinking about the deep difference between a commons based reality and the current paradigm:
My favorite quote from it:
"The shift that we need now to accomplish politically, not only theoretically, is to change the dominant wisdom from the absolute domination of the subject (as owner or State) over the object (territory or more generally the environment) to a focus on the relationship of the two (subject-nature). We need a new common sense recognizing, outside of the Western liberal hubris, that each individual's survival depends on its relationship with others, with the community, with the environment."
What I also love about that same quote is the way it shows how the broken relationship is rooted in the expressive capacity of representational language -- subject/object grammars.
This is why the work we're doing on new expressive capacities for a flow language are so important!
Beatuiflly written Arthur. I will be sharing this with lots of people to help them begin to understand "the economy" better.
Reminds me of what Paul Krafel in Seeing Nature calls 'the fit'. By observing nature you see how all things fit with others in harmonious balance.
What is our harmonious fit when we lack to acknowledge that nature is not here for us. Its here for ALL sentinent beings.
"Do you know what cells that stop sharing their resources with the rest of the body are called? Cancer"
Does that mean that those of us who chose not to share our wealth with the "common" will be dealt with on a governmental level? We are being equated to a cancer. To make a body healthy again a cancer has to be dealt with.
Didn't we learn from an earlier marxist system that marxism only works if you force people. Otherwise people will seek incentive. The return to the hunter gatherer system implied in this article will only work by erradicating a large part of the worlds population, or putting people under a tyrannical system of compulsion.
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